The Facts About Income Tax Millions faithfully file their 1040 forms each April. But some things about federal income taxes may surprise you. Share | Related Content Making Your Tax Bracket Work Have you explored all your options when it comes to managing your taxable income? Does Your Child Need to File an Income Tax Return? When your child has income, there’s a good chance that he or she will need to report it and pay taxes. Capital Gains Tax Estimator Use this calculator to estimate your capital gains tax.